Phrasal verbs. Verbos frasales.

Verbos frasales.

Phrasal verbs are very common in English, especially in more informal contexts. They are made up of a verb and a particle or, sometimes, two particles. The particle often changes the meaning of the verb.

Los verbos frasales son my comunes en inglés, especialmente en contextos nformales. Están compuestos de un verbo y una partícula o preposición y, en ocasiones, de dos. La partícula, en ocasiones cambia el significado del verbo.

I called Jen to see how she was. (call = to telephone)
They’ve called off the meeting. (call off = to cancel)

He llamado a Jen para ver cómo se encontraba (llamar por teléfono)

Ellos han decidido cancelar la reunión.


In terms of word order, there are two main types of phrasal verb: separable and inseparable.

Por lo que respecta al orden de las palabras, hay dos tipos principales de verbos frasales, los separables y los no separables.


With separable phrasal verbs, the verb and particle can be apart or together.

Con los verbos frasales separables, la preposición puede ir junta o separada.

They’ve called the meeting off.
They’ve called off the meeting.


Ellos han cancelado la reunión.

However, separable phrasal verbs must be separated when you use a pronoun. 

Sin embargo los verbos frasales separables, deben ser separados si se utiliza un pronombre.

The meeting? They’ve called it off.


1. Base on

Traducción: “Basarse; Tener base en”

Prices are based on two people sharing a room.
This film is based on a true story.

2. Be over

Traducción: “Terminarse; Acabarse”

The film was over before they could get to the cinema.
We need to wait inside until the storm is over.

3. Break down

Traducción: “Averiarse; Dejar de funcionar”

The car broke down only 20km away from their destination.

4. Break in

Traducción: “Entrar por la fuerza”

Having bars on the windows makes it more difficult for thieves to break in.

5. Break up

Traducción: “Separarse; Terminar; Romperse”

The ship broke up on the rocks.
School breaks up at the end of June.

6. Bring up

Traducción: “Criar(se)”

She was brought up in London.

7. Call for

Traducción: “Ir a buscar; Merecer”

I’ll call for you at 7pm.
You’ve passed your exam…This calls for a celebration!

8. Call in

Traducción: “Visitar”

Grandma and Grandad called in today and we all had tea.

9. Carry on

Traducción: “Continuar”

He carried on walking despite the rain.

10. Carry out

Traducción: “Llevar a cabo”

She carried out the plan according to the instructions.

11. Check in

Traducción: “Registrarse”

They checked in to a hotel.

12. Check out

Traducción: “Dejar la habitación de un hotel; Comprobar”

He checked out of the hotel at the end of his stay.
The police checked out his ID.
Can you check out if the computer is plugged?

13. Come on

Traducción: “Venga”

Come on or we’ll miss the bus!

13. Cross out

Traducción: “Tachar”

Cross it out and write it again.

14. Cut up

Traducción: “Cortar en pedazos”

She cut up the cake into small pieces.

15. Deal with

Traducción: “Resolver; Lidiar”

I’ve had some problems to deal with.

16. Depend on

Traducción: “Depender”

It depends on what you want to do.

17. End up

Traducción: “Resultar; Acabar”

He plans to end up working as an accountant.

18. Fill in

Traducción: “Rellenar; Completar”

To become a member of the library you need to fill in this form first.

19. Fill up

Traducción: Llenar hasta arriba

He filled up the car with petrol.

20. Find out

Traducción: Averiguar

I must find out when he’s arriving.

21. Get along with

Traducción: “Llevarse (bien con alguien)”

How do you get along with your sister?

22. Get back

Traducción: “Regresar”

When did Mr. Brown get back from New York?

23. Get down

Traducción: “Bajar”

For the following exercise you need to get down on the floor

24. Get in

Traducción: “Entrar”

Can you get in without a key?

25. Get off

Traducción: “Bajarse”

“You need to get off the bus two stops before the Cathedral.”

26. Get on

Traducción: “Subirse”

“I turned off my mobile phone before I got on the plane.”

27. Get rid of

Traducción: “Deshacerse de”

I recommend you get rid of these old clothes before you move

28. Get up

Traducción: “Levantarse”

What time do you usually get up on the weekend?

29. Give back

Traducción: “Devolver”

Remember to give the keys back to Reception desk before you leave.

30. Give in

Traducción: “Rendirse”

Don’t give in without a fight.

31. Give out

Traducción: “Dar; Repartir”

They are giving out free cookies today at the bakery.

34. Give up

Traducción: “Dejar un hábito; Dejar de hacer algo”

You really should consider giving up smoking.

35. Give way

Traducción: “Dejar paso”

You must give way to traffic at a roundabout.

36. Go for

Traducción: “Elegir; Decantarse por”

Instead of butter, I always go for olive oil.

37. Go off

Traducción: “Explotar. Activarse”

Sarah had just left the train when the bomb went off.
The alarm goes off everyday at 7am.

38. Go on

Traducción: “Seguir; Continuar”

The meeting went on until six o’clock.

39. Go out

Traducción: “Salir”

Are you going out this evening?

40. Go with

Traducción: “Conjuntar”

Your shoes don’t go with your dress

41. Grow up

Traducción: “Crecer”

I grew up in a small town in the South of Spain.

42. Hand in

Traducción: “Entregar”

Please, hand in your reports before 1pm.

43. Hand out

Traducción: “Repartir”

The teacher handed out the books at the start of the lesson.

44. Hang out

Traducción: “Pasar el rato”

Young people love to hang out with friends till late.

45. Hang up

Traducción: Colgar

She hung up the phone after the call)

50. Hold up

Traducción: “Hacer esperar; Retrasar”

Finish your task, please. You are holding everyone up.

51. Keep in

Traducción: “Contener; No dejar que salga”

During the winter, we usually keep the cat in.

52. Keep on

Traducción: “No parar; Continuar”

The speaker kept on talking for two more hours.

53. Keep up

Traducción: “Mantener; Seguir el ritmo”

Keep up the good work!

54. Knock down

Traducción: “Atropellar; Tirar abajo”

That tree was knocked down by a car last year.

55. Lie down

Tradución: “Tumbarse; Echarse a descansar”

I’m really tired, I’m going to lie down for an hour.

56. Look after

Traducción: “Cuidar”

My parents look after my house when I am on holiday.

57. Look at

Traducción: “Mirar”

Look at the blackboard please.

58. Look for

Traducción: “Buscar”

I’m looking for my sister, I know she is in this building.

59. Look forward to

Traducción: “Tener ganas de”

I’m looking forward to the party!

60. Look out

Traducción: ¡Ten cuidado!

Look out! There’s a car coming.

61. Look up

Traducción: “Buscar en un listado”

If you don’t know the meaning on a word, you can look it up in the dictionary.

62. Pick up

Traducción: “Recoger”

I’m picking up my sister from the station this afternoon.

63. Put away

Traducción: “Recoger”

The kids put their toys away before going to bed.

64. Put down

Traducción: “Apuntar; Anotar”

You can put down the material you need in this form.

65. Put off

Traducción: “Aplazar”

Many concerts have been put off after the coronavirus outbreak

66. Put on

Traducción: “Ponerse”

Put on your coat before going out. It’s really cold!

67. Put out

Traducción: “Apagar”

Don’t forget to put out the candles before going to sleep.

68. Put through

Traducción: “Poner al teléfono”

Could you put me through to the library manager, please.

69. Put up

Traducción: “Instalar”

The are putting up new street signs.

70. Ring back

Traducción: “Volver a llamar”

Tell her I’ll ring back in a few minutes.
– American English: “Tell her I’ll call back in a few minutes.

71. Ring up

Traducción: “Llamar por teléfono”

Let me ring up my mother to ask her for the recipe.

72. Run out

Traducción: “Quedarse sin; Terminarse”

We have run out of eggs. Can you go to the store and get some?

73. Set off

Traducción: “Partir; Ponerse en marcha”.

They set off very early to avoid waking in the morning during the hottest hours.

74. Set out

Traducción: “Comenzar un viaje”

I always get over excited righ before setting out for a long journey.

75. Set up

Traducción: “Configurar”

I can help you set up your camera to take good pictures in low light.

76. Sit down

Traducción: “Tomar asiento”

Please, sit down so we can start the class.

77. Split up

Traducción: “Separarse; Terminar una relación”

Mary and Dave had a big argument and then decided to split up.

78. Stay behind

Traducción: “Quedarse. Rezagarse”

I went back home after school, but my sister stayed behind to get some books from the library.

79. Take off

Traducción: “Despegar”

The plane took off ten minutes after the last passenger had sat down.

80. Take up

Traducción: “Comenzar una hobby. Apuntarse a una actividad.”

I’ve decided to take up guitar lessons this year.

81. Throw away

Traducción: “Tirar (a la basura)”

I’ve been cleaning my house and I have a full box of old things to throw away or donate.

82. Tidy up

Traducción: “Limpiar; Recoger; Organizar”

I love to cook, but not so much to tidy up the kitchen afterwards.

83. Try on

Traducción: “Probarse”

I don’t like buying clothes on the internet because I can’t try things on before deciding.

84. Turn down

Traducción: “Bajar (intensidad, volumen)”

Our neighbour asked us if we could turn the music down

85. Turn into

Traducción: “Transformarse; Convertirse”

We forgot to put the ice back in the freezer and it turned into water.

86. Turn off

Traducción: Apagar

You must turn off your car’s engine at the gas station.

87. Turn on

Traducción: Encender

It’s getting dim. Can you turn on the lights, please?

88. Turn up

Traducción: “Subir (Intensidad, volumen)”

Can your turn up the music? We can’t hear it at the back of the car.


That is all for now!. Get down to it! In my case, I am always looking forward to learning new phrasal verbs! 🙂

¡Eso es todo por ahora! ¡Pongámonos a ello! ¡En mi caso siempre estoy deseando fervientemente aprender nuevos verbos frasales! 🙂


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