Feb 16 2016

Tools and Workshop safety

EL TRABAJO PRÁCTICO EN EL AULA-TALLER DE TECNOLOGÍA

Una vez que has realizado las fases previas a la construcción (búsqueda de información, aportar ideas, hacer planos y planificar quién, cómo, cuando, etc.), llega el momento esperado de empezar la fase de Construcción. Básicamente, las etapas se pueden resumir en:

  1. Realización de las piezas: la construcción de piezas comprende operaciones como medir y trazar, cortar, limar, perforar, lijar, doblar, etc.
  2. Uniones: las uniones entre las piezas pueden ser
    1. Uniones fijas (soldadura, pegamento, clavos).
    2. Uniones desmontables (tornillos, tuercas) o incluso móvil (bisagras).
  3. Acabados: pintar, pulir o barnizar la superficie de nuestras piezas como acabado estético.
  4. Ajustes finales antes de presentarlo

questecnoBefore working at the workshop you need to know some tips about.

  1. Working in groups
  2. Health and safety rules
  3. Tools

1.- WORKING IN GROUPS

It is interesting to assign different roles to the members of the group. These are some posibilities:

  • The coordinator is responsible for organising the work of each group member to achieve efficient teamwork. This person represents the group.
  • The person responsible for the material collects the material needed for the work and is also in charge of recycling leftover material.
  • The person responsible for the tools look after the tools assigned to the group to make sure they are not lost or damaged.
  • The secretary collects, checks and organises all the written documents from each group member (plan, process reports, estimates, etc.).
  • The person responsible for health and safety makes sure that the group members follow the health and safety rules in the workshop and when using tools.
  • The person in charge of cleaning makes sure each workstation is left completely clean.

groupwork


2.- HEALTH AND SAFETY RULES

La manipulación de los materiales y herramientas en el aula-taller exige una especial atención. Suele haber muchos alumnos, poco acostumbrados al uso de herramientas y la posibilidad de sufrir accidentes aumenta si no manejamos con prudencia estos materiales y utensilios o si no conocemos su uso.

  • Recuerda no distraerte ni distraer a los demás mientras usan herramientas.
1. Health rules:
1.1 Tell your teacher immediately if you have any kind of accident (cuts, burns, dust in your eyes, etc.).
1.2 Keep your hands clean and dry. Keep your table clean and tidy while you work.
1.3 Put your tools back to its right place at the panels when you are not using them.
1.4 Every time you finish a task, clean and tidy the workstation and the workshop.
1.5 Too much noise makes people irritable and aggressive and interrupts concentration. Try to work quietly.
2. General safety rules:
2.1 Don´t wear necklaces, rings or loose-fitting clothes. They may get caught in the machines.
2.2 Ask your teacher if you have any doubts.
2.3 Use the right tool for each operation. Find out how to use each type of tool, equipment and machine correctly before you start. Don´t work with tools, equipment or materials you don´t know how to use.
2.4 Don´t waste materials and look after your tools.
2.5 Use the right tools for the right task
3. Safety rules in the workshop:
3.1 Find out where everything is in the workshop – the exits and entrances, and the safety apparatus: fire extinguishers, alarm bells, protective clothing (glasses, gloves, etc.).
3.2 Obey signs. There are four types of signs: mandatory, danger, first aid and emergency, and prohibition.
3.3 Fix the materials you are going to work on, with vice or clamps
Unos minutos antes de que termine la clase, el profesor os avisará para que dejéis todo limpio y ordenado antes de salir. Las herramientas se devuelven a su sitio.
And don’t forget top safety rules:
  1. Always Wear Safety Equipment and wear appropiate clothing. Appropriate personal protective equipment, e.g., safety goggles, etc., should be worn due to hazards that may be encountered while using tools.
  2. Tools can be dangerous. Never play with them. The greatest hazards posed by hand tools result from misuse and improper maintenance.
  3. Avoid Distractions
  4. Disconnect Power Before Blade Changes
  5. Try Using One Extension Cord
  6. Use Sharp Blades & Bits
  7. Always Check for Nails, Screws and Other Metal
  8. Always Work Against the Cutter
  9. Never Reach Over a Blade to Remove Cut-Offs

ACTIVITY: Make an A3 poster about one of the top safety rules. Click to see Safety workshop sample posters

señalización

3.- HERRAMIENTAS – TOOLS

CLASIFICACIÓN de HERRAMIENTAS (pdf)

ACTIVIDADES online sobre herramientas

These are some of the different tools you can find at the Technology Workshop

cuadro herramiwentas-tools

TOOLS board ies campanillas smlherramientasexplicadas1Más herramientas explicadas

herramientasdesujecion-i h_maderah_elec2 h_metaltools


 

 


 

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