Have you ever had a problem that
you wanted to solve but you didn´t know where to start? Problems aren´t
always bad or complicated. A problem can be as simple as deciding
whether to eat a chocolate chip cookie or an oatmeal cookie. But most of
the time, the problems you will be solving in technology class are more
complex than that. If you have steps to follow in trying to solve a
problem, getting an answer is easier.
The following is a step-by-step plan for solving problems.
Once you learn a basic problem-solving strategy, you can use it to solve
all kind of problems throughout your life.
1.- Define the problem (Identifying the problem)
This is probably the most difficult step,
because many problems are there but nobody realize.
definition of the problem is sometimes called the problem statement.
Here are some examples of problem statements:
Build a bridge to span
Design a wind powered
Build an automatic
2.- Collect information
problem is identified, you need to gather information related to your
problem. You need to use as many different resources as possible.
internet is the easier but not the only way to collect information. Use
google, youtube, etc. Be careful in this step because you may waste time
with so much information.
3.- Develop possible
the information collected, explore ideas and propose different solutions.
4.- Selecting the best
what you think is the best solution to try first. Many times your first
solution will not work, and you must choose a different solution that
might work better.
5.- Put the solution to
The fun part
is testing your idea or solution. Testing usually requires taking
measurements or notes about what´s happening.
6.- Evaluate the solution
want so much for your idea to work that you do not look at the results
carefully. Remembar that there may be many possible solutions to a
problem. You may have to try many of them before you reach your final
If your first
idea did not work, it doesn´t mean you failed. It just means you learned
what doesn´t work. That is a big step toward solving the problem.
1.- What different
resources might you use to research a topic?
2.- Copy in your notebook
the "problem-solving process" drawing
3.- Find the meaning of
each word in the "problem solving strategy" introduction paragraph.
4.- Apply your knowledge.
Write a design brief for building a bridge across a river.
Example. Design brief:
solar powered vehicle
solar-powered vehicle that will carry a minimum of two passengers at
least 100 kilometers without needing recharging. The design budget is
€10.000. The vehicle must meet the EEC safety standards for use on