The Greeks were
very interested in science as a way of organizing the world and making
order out of
chaos, and having power over some very powerful things like oceans
and weather. From about 600
BC, a lot of
Greek men spent time observing the planets and the sun and trying to
figure out how
astronomy worked. They must have gotten their first lessons from the
Babylonians, who were very good at astronomy and also very
interested in it.
By the 400's BC,
Pythagoras was interested in finding the patterns and rules in
music, and invented the idea of a mathematical proof. Although Greek
women usually were not allowed to study science, Pythagoras did have
some women among his students.
Socrates, a little bit later, developed logical methods for deciding
whether something was true or not.
In the 300's BC,
Aristotle and other philosophers at the Lyceum and the Academy in
Athens worked on observing
plants and animals, and organizing the different kinds of plants and
animals into types. Again, this is a way of creating order out of chaos.
Aristotle, using his ideas and also ideas from
Hippocrates and other Greek doctors wrote important medical texts
that were used for hundreds of years.
Daily Life in Ancient Greece
How would you have
behaved if you had lived in ancient Sparta? (Lie, cheat, steal,
because that is the Sparta way!) Or in ancient Athens? Or in Corinth,
Argos or Megara? Meet the Greeks! They were a riot!
The ancient Greeks were
very proud of their city-state! They were also proud
of being Greek. The ancient Greeks were thinkers. They loved to talk.
gods and respected honor. They loved beauty, music, literature,
drama, philosophy, politics and art. If you're in a hurry, use the
cheat sheet below to find just what you need!
Welcome to ancient Greece!